The research on 3D scene viewpoints has been a frontier problem in computer graphics and virtual reality technology. In a pioneering study, it had been extensively used in virtual scene understanding, image-based modeling, and visualization computing. With the development of computer graphics and the human-computer interaction, the viewpoint evaluation becomes more significant for the comprehensive understanding of complex scenes. The high-quality viewpoints could navigate observers to the region of interest, help subjects to seek the hidden relations of hierarchical structure, and improve the efficiency of virtual exploration. These studies later contributed to research such as robot vision, dynamic scene planning, virtual driving and artificial intelligence navigation.The introduction of visual perception had The introduction of visual perception had contributed to the inspiration of viewpoints research, and the combination with machine learning made significant progress in the viewpoints selection. The viewpoints research also has been significant in the optimization of global lighting, visualization calculation, 3D supervising rendering, and reconstruction of a virtual scene. Additionally, it has a huge potential in novel fields such as 3D model retrieval, virtual tactile analysis, human visual perception research, salient point calculation, ray tracing optimization, molecular visualization, and intelligent scene computing.