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Virtual Reality and Intelligent Hardware (VRIH) is a professional academic journal that is approved by the State Administration of Radio and Television, directed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, hosted by China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. (the Science Press), and the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, published by Beijing Zhongke Journal Publishing Co., Ltd., Cooperation of Goertek Inc.; Professor Wang Yongtian of the Beijing Institute of Technology serves as the chief editor.

VRIH is an open access journal that aims to showcase and promote distinguished research in the field of virtual reality and intelligent hardware. It provides a global publishing and academic exchange platform for researchers, professionals and industry practitioners. The journal offers high-quality single-blind peer review and is published bimonthly in English. Submissions are welcome on a variety of topics-specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • 5G and VR/AR/MR

  • Artificial intelligence for VR/AR/MR

  • Audio interfaces, sound rendering and auditory perception

  • Brain interface

  • Computer graphics techniques

  • Computer vision techniques

  • Content creation, authoring and management

  • Conversational and speech interfaces

  • Crowd simulation

  • Display technologies

  • Embodied agents, virtual humans and (self-)avatars

  • Haptic and tactile interfaces, wearable haptics, passive haptics, pseudo haptics

  • Human augmentations

  • Human-computer interaction for VR/AR/MR

  • Human factors and ergonomics

  • Image analysis and video processing

  • Immersive analytics and visualization techniques

  • Input devices

  • Locomotion and navigation

  • Machine learning and deep learning

  • Mediated and diminished reality

  • Medical simulation and navigation

  • Modeling and simulation

  • Multi-user and distributed systems

  • Multimodal capturing and reconstruction

  • Multimodal/cross-modal interaction and perception

  • Multisensory rendering, registration, and synchronization

  • Perception and cognition

  • Presence, body ownership, and agency

  • Scene description and management issues

  • Sensor fusion

  • Software architectures, toolkits, and engineering

  • Storytelling

  • Teleoperation and telepresence

  • Touch, tangible and gesture interfaces

  • Tracking and sensing

  • Usage research, evaluation methods and empirical studies

  • VR/AR/MR applications

Articles published in VRIH include 

Review:A prospective thesis written by authors for a specific topic by compiling and organizing large amounts of data, material, and the leading viewpoints from original research papers. The length of these papers is around 20 pages, and authors are typically invited by the editorial board to write these. Experts wishing to write these can request to do so with the relevant editorial board.  

Research paper: Scientific analysis and comprehensive research and elaboration of phenomena (or problems) in the research domain on the premise that researchers have a sufficient grasp of the academic, innovative, and scientific aspects of the field and on the foundation of scientific experiments (or trials) will be accepted for submission. In-depth research, summary and innovative results, and conclusions regarding these phenomena need to be included in such papers, which should not exceed 15 pages in length.  

Rapid Communication: Rapid communications papers report on the final or interim results of the cutting-edge, latest, unique, or significant scientific research topics in the field of virtual reality and smart devices. Papers should not exceed four pages, and priority will be given for publications. 

Case report: Reports of representative experiments, inventions, or results. 

News: Publication of news and communications of reports on research findings, policies, people, etc., to become a window for the reader to understand industry information. Academic journals, academic conferences, press conferences, and results evaluation can be used as sources for science and technology news.

Commentary:Experts are invited to write a commentary according to the topic. These papers include commentaries, editorials, short reviews, brief comments, guest commentaries, letters, etc. 

VRIH articles are published directly on line, together with complete publishing information concerning page, issue, volume and DOI.

How to submit

Authors are recommended to use online submission services. To submit a manuscript, please go to http://www.vr-ih.com  or  https://www.editorialmanager.com/vrih/default.aspx to create an account, and follow the instructions there to upload text and image/ table files. Authors are encouraged to submit such accompanying materials as short statements on the research background and area/subareas and significance of the work, and brief introductions to the first and corresponding authors including their mailing addresses with post codes, telephone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses. Authors may also suggest several qualified experts (with full names, affiliations, phone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses) as referees, and/or request the exclusion of some specific individuals from potential referees.

Reviewing policy

All submissions will be reviewed by referees selected by the editorial board. The decision of acceptance or rejection of a manuscript is made by the editorial board based on the referees’ reports. The entire review process may take 90 days, and the editorial office will inform the author of the decision as soon as the process is completed. If the editorial board fails to make a decision within 90 days, it is up to the authors to decide whether they would withdraw their article and submit it elsewhere.


Authors should guarantee that their submitted manuscript has not been published before and has not been submitted elsewhere for print or electronic publication consideration. Submission of a manuscript is taken to imply that all the named authors are aware that they are listed as coauthors, and they have agreed on the submitted version of the article. No change in the order of listed authors can be made without an agreement signed by all the authors.


A completed form assigning copyright to Beijjing zhongke Journal Publishing Co. Ltd. must be returned to the VRIH office when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article (in various languages), including offprints and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or other reproductions of similar nature. The Copyright Transfer Agreement is available at http://www.vr-ih.com.

After acceptance

For articles with great breakthrough results, quick publication will be arranged. After typesetting, page proofs are usually sent electronically as e-mail attachments to the corresponding authors. The proofs plus minor corrections must be returned to the managing editor within 3 days. Failure to do this will result in delays in publication. Corrections can be noticed in different ways: (1) highlight the corrections and send back the printed proof pages; (2) fax the corrections to the managing editor; (3) highlight the corrections and send back the corrected page proofs as e-mail attachments.

After publication

Authors will be presented one sample copy of the issue in which their article is published. If offprints and more sample copies are required, the authors should contact the managing editor and pay the extra fee. The full text opens freely to the readers at  http://www.vr-ih.com and  https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/virtual-reality-and-intelligent-hardware.

Publication charge

All authors are exempt from the publication fee and free provide a sample after publication.

Manuscript format

Contributions are required of a concise, focused account of the findings and reliable essential data. They should be well organized and clearly presented, avoiding exhaustive tables and figures. Authors are advised to use internationally agreed nomenclature, express all measurements in SI units, and quote all the relevant references.

Title: Titles must be limited to 20 words, and should be concise, indexable, and informative for a broad scientific audience. Authors should avoid using colons, questions, nonstandard abbreviations, etc., in titles.

Author(s): Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The order of the authors listed should be agreed by all the coauthors, and all the authors have responsibilities for the published content.Family names are written in upper case. An e-mail address of the corresponding author is required.

Author affiliations: The affiliations should be the institutions where the work was done. Complete addresses with post codes are required.

Abstract: The abstract is a summary of the content of the manuscript. It should briefly describe the research purpose, methods developed or used, main results, and conclusion. Extremely technical terms, special symbols, figures, tables, chemical structural formula, and equations should be avoided there and citation of references is not allowed.

Keywords: A list of five to eight keywords should follow the abstract. The chosen keywords are required to reflect the theme of the manuscript.

Text: A article should begin with a brief introduction to the problem and the significance of the research. Nomenclature, symbols, and abbreviations should be defined at their initial appearance. All the figures and tables should be numbered in numerical order.

Introduction: Being the most important part of an article, the introduction should provide relevant information on research background and recent progress, with references cited in numerical order, present the problem to be solved in the article, and describe briefly the method adopted to solve the problem. The aim of the research should also be mentioned. Subtitle is forbidden in this part and introduction of the article structure is considered unnecessary.

Materials and method: This part should describe clearly the materials used, the method adopted or developed, the experimental procedure followed, and the results obtained by the authors in their work, so as to allow others to repeat the experiments and to make use of the work published.

Discussion and conclusion: Conclusion should be derived from the observations and experimental results, and comparison with other relevant results is considered helpful to further proving the results. Repeated data should be avoided, and conclusions and suggestions are required to be clearly expressed. New hypotheses and recommendations may be proposed when warranted.

Figures and tables: Figures and tables should be numerically numbered, inserted in the text, and cited in order within the text. The figures should have resolution not lower than 600 dpi and clear lines of 5 px, with symbols and letters in Times New Roman at 8 pt. A space should always be maintained between the variable and the unit.

Equations: Equations should be numerically numbered, with Arabic numbers put on the right-hand side.

Acknowledgements: Financial support appears here, with grant number(s) following. Full titles of the funding agencies or programs (for example, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National High-Tech Research & Development Program of China, and National Basic Research Program of China) should be given. The authors may express their thanks to the people who helped for the work, and acknowledge valuable suggestions from the reviewers.

References: Reference citation is regarded as an important indicator of the article quality. If relevant references,in particular results published within 3 years, are not cited in the article, or most citations are for the authors’own publications, the editor may consider the article unattractive. References should be numerically numbered and cited in order within the text, with the numbers given in square brackets. The authors should carefully check the author names, article title, journal title, year, volume, and issue number of each reference, and create the listing according to the format of Virtual Reality & Intelligent Hardware.

Reference format

For an author's name, full spelling of family name appears before abbreviation of given name, with a spacing in the middle.

If there are more than 3 authors, the first 3 names are followed by et al.

The article title should be identified by an initial capital letter with the remainder of the title in lower case.

For books and proceedings, the initial letter is capitalized for all the notional words and for function words with more than 4 letters.

Do not forget to list the editor names of the proceedings, the publisher, the publishing address, and the beginning and terminating pages.

Accepted but unpublished articles should be followed by “in press”.

Websites or homepages cannot be cited as references.

Reference examples are given as follows


Wang Q H, Lindon O, Hardle W. Semiparametric regression analysis with missing response at random. J Am Stat Assoc, 2004, 99: 334-345


Rordam M, Larsen F, Lausten N. An introduction to K-theory for C*-algebras. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 30-35


Qin H R. The subgroups of a finite order in K(Q). In: Bass H, Kuku A O, Pedrini C, eds. Algebraic K-theory and Its Application. Singapore: World Scientific, 1999. 600-607

Conference proceedings

Minor H E. Spillways for high velocities. In: Zurich VE, Minor HE, Hager WH, eds. Proceedings of International Workshop on Hydraulics of Stepped Spillways. Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 2000, 3―10


Liu G X. Classification of finite dimensional basic Hopf algebras and related topics. Dissertation for the Doctoral Degree. Hangzhou: Hangzhou University, 2005. 24-28

Technical report

Phillips N A. The Nested Grid Model. NOAA Technical Report NWS22. 1979


Zhang W P. Experiment Apparatus of Diffraction Imaging. China Patent, 02290557.X, 2003-12-03

User manual

Wang D L, Zhu J, Li Z K, et al. User Manual for QTKMapper Version 1.6, 1999


Hemodynamics III: The ups and downs of hemodynamics.Version 2.2. Orlando: Computerized Educational Systems. 1993


Anderson S C, Poulsen K B. Anderson's Electronic Atlas of Hematology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Wilkins, 2002

Electronic version of a journal

Christine M. Plant physiology: plant biology in the Genome Era. Science, 2003, 281: 331-332 [cited Sep. 23, 2003]. Available from: http://www.sciencemag.org/anatmorp.htm