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2019, 1(2): 136-162 Published Date:2019-4-20

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.2096-5796.2019.0008

Haptic display for virtual reality: progress and challenges

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Immersion, interaction, and imagination are three features of virtual reality (VR). Existing VR systems possess fairly realistic visual and auditory feedbacks, and however, are poor with haptic feedback, by means of which human can perceive the physical world via abundant haptic properties. Haptic display is an interface aiming to enable bilateral signal communications between human and computer, and thus to greatly enhance the immersion and interaction of VR systems. This paper surveys the paradigm shift of haptic display occurred in the past 30 years, which is classified into three stages, including desktop haptics, surface haptics, and wearable haptics. The driving forces, key technologies and typical applications in each stage are critically reviewed. Toward the future high-fidelity VR interaction, research challenges are highlighted concerning handheld haptic device, multimodal haptic device, and high fidelity haptic rendering. In the end, the importance of understanding human haptic perception for designing effective haptic devices is addressed.
Keywords: Haptic display ; Virtual reality ; Desktop haptics ; Surface haptics ; Wearable haptics ; Multimodal haptics

Cite this article:

Dangxiao WANG, Yuan GUO, Shiyi LIU, Yuru ZHANG, Weiliang XU, Jing XIAO. Haptic display for virtual reality: progress and challenges. Virtual Reality & Intelligent Hardware, 2019, 1(2): 136-162 DOI:10.3724/SP.J.2096-5796.2019.0008

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