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2020, 2(1): 79-85 Published Date:2020-2-20

DOI: 10.1016/j.vrih.2019.12.003

Study on the adaptability of augmented reality smartglasses for astigmatism based on holographic waveguide grating

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Abstract:

Background
Augmented reality (AR) smartglasses are considered as the next generation of smart devices to replace mobile phones, and are widely concerned. But at present, AR smartglasses are usually designed according to the human normal eyes. In order to experience AR smartglasses perfectly, abnormal eye users must first wear diopters.
Methods
For people with astigmatism to use AR smartglasses without wearing a diopter lens, a cylindrical lens waveguide grating is designed in this study based on the principle of holographic waveguide grating. First, a cylindrical lens waveguide substrate is constructed for external light deflection to satisfy the users' normal viewing of the real world. Further, a variable period grating structure is established based on the cylindrical lens waveguide substrate to normally emit the light from the virtual world in the optical machine to the human eyes. Finally, the structural parameters of grating are optimized to improve the diffraction efficiency.
Results
The results show that the structure of cylindrical lens waveguide grating allows people with astigmatism to wear AR smartglasses directly. The total light utilization rate reaches 90% with excellent imaging uniformity. The brightness difference is less than 0.92% and the vertical field of view is 10°.
Conclusions
This research serves as a guide for AR product designs for people with long/short sightedness and promotes the development of such products.
Keywords: Holographic waveguide grating ; Augmented reality smartglasses ; Cylindrical lens ; Astigmatism

Cite this article:

Shenze WANG, Kaikai DU, Ningfang SONG, Dongfeng ZHAO, Di FENG, Zhengqian TU. Study on the adaptability of augmented reality smartglasses for astigmatism based on holographic waveguide grating. Virtual Reality & Intelligent Hardware, 2020, 2(1): 79-85 DOI:10.1016/j.vrih.2019.12.003

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